Cars need batteries for electrical power, and for this, car batteries were invented. These batteries are rechargeable and small in size, so they can be installed in cars very easily. Especially, it is considered a car battery. The job of Starter, Lightning, and Ignition is to supply power to a car’s starter motor.
Six galvanic cells are used to make these batteries and they are generally of the lead-acid type. With a full charge, a car battery provides 12.6 volts. A single start, flash and ignition is sufficient for a small vehicle. But heavy vehicles like highway trucks, tractors, etc. that have diesel engines use more than one battery. And through this process, a large number of batteries are produced each year. Generally, there are four types of car batteries. They are briefly described below:
• Flooded cell type: These types of car batteries are inexpensive and work for a long period of time. But they require a lot of maintenance and care. But they can leak or spill at any time.
• Valve Regulated Lead Acid: They are the alternatives to flooded cell batteries and are more expensive than flooded cell batteries. These batteries are also known as “sealed” batteries. You cannot repair these batteries and maintain them either. The hydrometer cannot be used to measure the charge of these batteries and the electrolyte cannot be replenished. These batteries do not require maintenance and are generally used to protect against any type of leakage.
• Surface cycle: To start a car engine, a large amount of energy is needed. And for this purpose, surface cycle batteries are really useful. They can produce great power when starting an engine. After that, they are charged by the engine-driven charging system. They contain electrolyte of higher specific gravity so that internal resistance can be reduced. Many separate thin plates are used to make these batteries.
• Deep cycle: These types of batteries are designed to provide continuous power over a long period of time. Especially small vehicles like small boats, RVs, golf carts, etc. use this type of battery. To store energy from wind turbines or photovoltaic panels, they are also used.
To use the battery for a long period of time, you must follow certain rules. Car batteries that use lead antimony plates may need water on a regular basis. Specialists recommend using distilled water at a particular level. But today most batteries do not require this watering. Always try to use a charging method that is safe. The most popular charging method is trickle charging. Do not overcharge your or keep it charging for a long time. This can shorten the life of your product. And they can even be dangerous. You also need to be careful about storage and changing. And such, you can get the best service from these batteries.